This Neolithic flint flake tool set of 13 pieces was collected from the world famous Neolithic flint tool production and ancient mining site of Rijckholt - St. Geertruid, in the Netherlands. First discovered in 1881 and excavated extensively into the early 1970's, numerous underground Neolithic mining shafts were found, along with thousands of tools, some animal bones and even a human skull. Radiocarbon dating of charcoal finds showed a date range from 4315 - 4040 BC but mining is believed to have continued there until 3400 BC, or even into 2650 BC.
These 13 flint tools in this set were all found on this important site and are from the Michelsberg Culture of the Middle Neolithic. They include various types of scrapers, blades and utilized flakes. They were originally made from flint mined at the site, and subsequently knapped into tools by the ancient inhabitants of the Michelsberg Culture who worked and lived near the region. This is an excellent specimen collection from an important part of human history, and from a prominent Neolithic site in Europe.
Whether for teaching or to add to a collection, these are excellent Michelsberg Culture Neolithic tools of this important phase of the European Neolithic.
The Michelsberg Culture came from the Rhineland and Northern France between 6000 and 4800 years ago. These Neolithic farming peoples settled in parts of Belgium and the Netherlands. The name MICHELSBERG came from a site with a ceremonial enclosure discovered in the Rhine Valley and accompanied by a unique assemblage of settlement sites and material. The pottery of this culture is largely undecorated. The stone tools include very large examples (macrolithic) and polished flint axes. Around 6300 years ago, the Michelsberg Culture introduces extensive deep mining of flint and flint production expands to almost an "industrial" scale. This can be seen at the famous flint mines at Spiennes, Belgium.