A perfect marriage of effective weaponry with religious symbolism, this genuine, very large copper bronze sun disk mace head is attributed to the Pre-Columbian Vicus culture of South America. The deification of the sun was adopted into many of the ancient metal handcrafts of the Vicus culture that is said to have been linked to the Moche Indians. Unlike the Moche, the Vicus were famous for highly ornate metal objects of open work design, most notably honoring representations of the sun with elaborate sunburst motifs. This was incorporated into some of their weapons with many of the most impressive objects being these large disk mace heads. These weapons utilized the design of sunbursts as toothed protrusions that would made for deadly embellishments. The thinness of the disks was offset by larger than typical mace head sizes in order to keep the weight heavy enough to deal a fatal blow. This thinness also served to penetrate any armor protection and create devastation wounds in battle.
This remarkable example is complete without any damage or bronze disease corrosion often seen in South America Pre-Columbian metal artifacts. It has an original pierced hole that probably served to secure the mace head to the shaft should the shaft break, preventing what was surely a prize weapon. This hole would have also allowed the proud warrior to remove the mace from the shaft and wear the sun disk as a ritual object when not in combat, for intimidation, power and protection, honoring the sun god that was central to the life of most of the ancient indigenous people of the region and time. It has been professionally cleaned having been so heavily encrusted that it obscured its design. It has been re-patinated and conserved to protect against any corrosion.