In the age of firearms in the military, a handgun was considered a more personal and prized sidearm than a rifle. The highest ranking officers and dignitaries were awarded prize handguns of exotic embellishments. This was also practiced in the ancient world of the Persian Empire. The dagger was a personal prize of the most elite warriors. This was especially true in the later age of steel but in the ancient world, any bladed weapon was a prestige weapon due to what they cost to make in those times. Exotic ancient bronze swords really did not exist to the extent a few of these openwork handled daggers did. And rare they were with very, very few examples being known and published.
The skill and time to make the openwork in bronze of this dagger, would have demanded the highest level of skill and dedication to extensive fabrication time, requiring a lost-wax cast model to be made of the handle, separately from the blade. Of the few examples of openwork daggers known, NONE have such a blade as this specimen with its double wide fuller groove running down the entire broad triangular blade. This created three strengthening ribs that would have made this an functional and highly effective stabbing blade strong enough to even be able to pierce leather armor. What's more, no example we have ever seen has the flared pommel which too, has been completely adorned with full openwork designs. In every way, this is truly a one-of-a-kind ancient sidearm that was probably given as a gift of great military honor or achievement, or even owned by a ruling nobleman. It is fortunate that it displays the finest preservation with no bronze disease and none of the typical composite alterations and fakery that so many of these ancient weapons have been subject to for the last 100 years of their being sought after by collectors in Europe and America. This remarkable example is 100% original and in the finest, complete state of preservation. A piece of great prestige for most advanced and discriminating collectors as much as it was one of immense pride to own in antiquity!
Weapons of the ancient Achaemenid Empire are RARE and this is the finest example yet, we have ever offered of ANY ancient weapon, not just one of such a rare and desirable ancient provenance.
This artifact has been professionally cleaned and conserved in our lab, being treated with a special sealer developed and formulated by us specifically for ancient metal preservation. The patina shows beautiful traits only found in authentic ancient weapons. It is a patina like this that the finest ancient bronzes are prized for and it is a patina like this that brings a premium in price and value of the specimen. There is no active bronze disease. Bronze disease forms a corrosive powder that will literally eat away an artifact over time and destroy it.
WARNING: There is a STAGGERING number of fake bronze weapons on the market. Many being sold as "authentic" were never meant to deceive and were made as far back as 100 years ago as exact reproductions for museums to sell in their gift shops. Other examples are modern fabrications specifically intended to fool unwitting buyers. As fine quality intact, original specimens become more scarce, the techniques to fake these objects have become highly advanced. We have personally handled numerous well-done fakes with extremely convincing patinas. The degree to which the fakers have been able to replicate patina to disguise their work requires an expert examination by highly experienced individuals. It is common to find very reasonably priced weapons that are made up of part original and part modern components or wholly modern pieces displaying elaborate artificial patinas. All purchases should include a written guarantee of authenticity from the seller, with unconditional and lifetime return policies regarding such guarantee, such as we provide.
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The Achaemenid Empire (c. 550–330 BC), also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great. At its greatest extent, it ranged from the Balkans and Eastern Europe in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east. It was larger than any previous empire in history, spanning 5.5 million square kilometers. Incorporating various peoples of different origins and faiths, it is notable for its successful model of a centralized, bureaucratic administration (through satraps under the King of Kings), for building infrastructure such as road systems and a postal system, the use of an official language across its territories, and the development of civil services and a large professional army. The empire's successes inspired similar systems in later empires.
By the 7th century BC, the Persians had settled in the southwestern portion of the Iranian Plateau in the region of Persis, which came to be their heartland. From this region, Cyrus the Great advanced to defeat the Medes, Lydia, and the Neo-Babylonian Empire, establishing the Achaemenid Empire.
Alexander the Great, an avid admirer of Cyrus the Great, conquered most of the empire by 330 BC. Upon Alexander's death, most of the empire's former territory came under the rule of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Seleucid Empire, in addition to other minor territories which gained independence at that time. The Iranian elites of the central plateau reclaimed power by the second century BC under the Parthian Empire.
The Achaemenid Empire is noted in Western history as the antagonist of the Greek city-states during the Greco-Persian Wars. The empire was instrumental in the spread of Zoroastrianism as far east as China. The empire also set the tone for the politics, heritage and history of modern Iran.
The Persian cavalry was crucial for conquering nations, and maintained its importance in the Achaemenid army to the last days of the Achaemenid Empire. The cavalry were separated into four groups. The chariot archers, horse cavalry, the camel cavalry, and the war elephants.
In the later years of the Achaemenid Empire, the chariot archer had become merely a ceremonial part of the Persian army, yet in the early years of the Empire, their use was widespread. The chariot archers were armed with spears, bows, arrows, swords, and scale armour. The horses were also suited with scale armour similar to scale armour of the Sassanian cataphracts. The chariots would contain imperial symbols and decorations. The horses used by the Achaemenids for cavalry were often suited with scale armour, like most cavalry units. The riders often had the same armour as infantry units, wicker shields, short spears, swords or large daggers, bow and arrow and scale armour coats. The camel cavalry was different, because the camels and sometimes the riders, were provided little protection against enemies, yet when they were offered protection, they would have spears, swords, bow, arrow, and scale armour. The camel cavalry was first introduced into the Persian army by Cyrus the Great, at the Battle of Thymbra. The elephant was most likely introduced into the Persian army by Darius I after his conquest of the Indus Valley. They may have been used in Greek campaigns by Darius and Xerxes I, but Greek accounts only mention 15 of them being used at the Battle of Gaugamela.