On a dinosaur fossil-hunting expedition in 2000 by a team of scientific explorers led by Paul Sereno, a paleodune and ancient lakebed site was discovered that yielded over 200 ancient burials of Kiffian and Tenerian people. The scientific findings showed that this area was once a humid lake region that was home to a hunter-fisher-gatherer people. The area became known as the "Green Sahara" for its once fertile and habitable landscape. Noted paleontologist, Dr. Paul Sereno, famous for other Saharan dinosaur discoveries, shot into the archaeological spotlight with his discovery of the ancient lake bed cemetery at Gobero in Niger in the year 2000. Interred in the many burials were numerous stone tools, ceramics, shells, beads and bone harpoons typical for the lifestyle of these ancient people of the Green Sahara. This exceptional AUTHENTIC artifact is similar to the specimens found at Gobero. It comes from the same period and Tenerian Neolithic Culture of that famous discovery.
This is a Tenerian African Neolithic green jasper END SCRAPER. It was masterfully ground to shape and then further flaked to achieve its highly refined form and features. The end scraper is a type of scraper with a steeply flaked cutting edge on the distal end of the flake. It is used like a plane, pushing the cutting edge against the surface to be scraped such as removing fat and meat from an animal hide, or shaving down a wooden stick to make a spear shaft.
No doubt this was a prestige tool as well as a trophy of accomplishment to the original Tenerian craftsperson that made it thousands of years ago. This scraper displays workmanship well beyond what was needed to create a simple end scraper. It's an artifact like this that makes the Tenerian Neolithic so amazing. These green jasper flake tools are legendary and no other stone tool culture in the world, has ever used this type of stone and matched the amazing flaking skills that are often seen in their beautiful workmanship. The stone type alone, is immediately recognizable as coming from only one place on the planet - the Tenere region of the south central Sahara Desert. A natural, glossy 'desert varnish' patina exists across the entire surface from long-term exposure, highlighting the superb flaking. Original sediment from the site is still embedded in the flake scars and micro-crevices - a feature ONLY seen in AUTHENTIC examples. The site where these tools were once found is completely picked clean and has long since been fully collected by modern nomads.
The flaked tools of the Tenerian Neolithic display some of the finest Neolithic workmanship of any region or culture in the ancient world. Adding to their beauty is the use of highly unique stone types such as green jasper and vesicular basalt, that have been further naturally enhanced by the polishing of the blowing desert sands for millennia!
We were very fortunate to have acquired an old French collection of these artifacts, years ago. Nevertheless, we have a very limited amount and once sold, we most certainly will never be able to replace them. Objects from the Tenerian African Neolithic culture are so rare that not even most major museums have a single object in their collection.
The Earth has been warming and cooling for millions of year, well long before humans were on the planet. One of the most dramatic examples of climatic change in the last 10,000 years is the desiccation of what is now the Sahara desert. Prior to as recent as 3000 B.C., the South Central Sahara region in Africa was a humid lake savanna. It was home to a thriving culture of ancient humans known as the Tenerians and before them, the Kiffians. The occupation of this area by these two peoples occurred continuously from around 7700 B.C. to the drying of the Sahara in 2500 B.C..
In the final Pleistocene and early Holocene Periods around 10,000 years ago, the South Central Sahara Desert was once a highly favorable environment for hunters, gatherers and pastoralists. Freshwater lakes existed between the dunes in what is now the Tenere region, Lake Chad was eight times its current size, the highlands supported Mediterranean forest trees, and a diverse variety of both large and small fauna flourished there. The slow drying out process of the Sahara, began 7,000 years ago and ended 4500 years ago resulting in the barren conditions that exist to this day. As we progress through time from the end of the Pleistocene towards the end of the Neolithic Period there, we see humans relying more on meat from raised animals as opposed to hunted animals that once roamed wild in the formerly Green Sahara.