Pre-Columbian metal weapons were much more scarce than stone types. Anybody could have sourced stone and flaked or ground an object but to mine and smelt ore, and then melt, pour, fabricate, cast, forge the metal, this would have been much more involved, and extremely expensive even for copper and bronze objects. Despite 35 years of experience handling thousands of specimens, we have encountered very, very few weapons in copper or bronze. They would have all been extremely expensive to own in ancient times, reserved for the wealthiest and noble classes of warriors. In all those years, this is the ONLY ONE copper - bronze disk ring mace head we have handled. It is in perfect preservation and comes from the Pre-Columbian Moche culture of South America.
Mounted on the end of a wooden shaft, this effective striking weapon would have been compact and deadly, able to break bones and crush skulls of enemy warriors. It is reduced in size but thick. Placed on a medium length shaft, it could have been easily employed to make swift blows in a close-quarters fight. This cast disk ring mace features solid, perfect preservation with spectacular patinas of copper oxide and malachite encrustations.
This remarkable example is complete without any damage or bronze disease corrosion often seen in South America Pre-Columbian metal artifacts.