This authentic stone tool was fashioned by Neanderthals over 40,000 years ago out of flint, and collected from a former Neanderthal occupation rock shelter site in the Dordogne region of France, considered to be the "Capitol of Prehistory". The site this specimen was found has long been closed and protected by the government. The fact that this archeological site is off-limits to any collecting makes this genuine Early Man stone tool artifact increasingly rare and desirable! Genuine fine grade Mousterian Neanderthal tools such as this specimen are most certain to continue to appreciate in value and become more and more difficult to acquire for a private collector.
This Neanderthal flake tool type is called a NOTCH or CONCAVE SCRAPER. The flaked concave portion of the cutting edge allowed organic material such as wood, bone or ivory to be shaved down into a rod or dowel to make objects such as a needle for piercing and sewing hides. It was made using golden flint known from the Le Grand Pressigny region. This area is 165 miles (266 km) from the Dordogne region where this tool was found, indicating the far-reaching trade and travel of Neanderthals in their day. This tool was made by striking a flake off a tool core, and the flake was then further worked to form the shape and cutting edge. Factors such as ergonomics and grip (the shape to make ease of holding the flake) were taken into consideration in the design by its Neanderthal maker. Evidence of prehistoric use and re-sharpening are evident on the cutting edge. It is complete with no modern damage and all its original flaking. A superb example from this famous Neanderthal region!
This is an actual complete Mousterian Neanderthal flake tool with all the features that define it as such, and separate it from worthless and highly common Paleolithic debris flakes (discarded flakes caused by flint-knapping real tools), or flakes made by natural forces such as frost or glacial action. Intact mineral deposits and deep patina on the flint surfaces and hinge fractures testify to its age, authenticity and lack of any modern alterations.