More than any other fossil dealer online, one of our prime specialties has been to offer the rarest and most impressive Permian fossils of Germany. We have handled a number of pieces that exceed what most if not, all museums of the world, house in their collections. This specimen offered here is THE RAREST PERMIAN PLANT FOSSIL WE HAVE EVER SEEN - A HUGE FOSSIL MALE POLLEN CONE FROM BEFORE THE DINOSAURS! While common in small fragments, large fossils of Walchia are rare but one of a FOSSIL POLLEN CONE is the "Holy Grail" of a fossil plant collection. This is a large Walchia stem terminating in a very large immature cone. Walchia sp. was a prehistoric conifer that lived in the swamp forests of what is now Western Germany during the Lower Permian.
SPECIAL NOTE: The current laws in this region of Germany have forbid the collection of fossils since 1986 with this quarry specifically, being closed and protected by state law. Legislation has permanently ended the hope of ever securing any new specimens as this one being offered here. This piece comes from an old German private collection and was collected long ago before the ban was enacted.
Walchia was a prehistoric plant that thrived during the Permian Period, before the first dinosaurs walked the earth. The roots of these plants were not particularly strong and during storms, large numbers were up-rooted and deposited in low lying regions, rapidly buried under sediments. These buried beds of decomposing plants existed in a unique environment without oxygen during the breakdown process. The result was the formation of coal which is found today in the region.
These plant fossils were formed in a different manner from the coal deposits. The fossils were found in what once was a swampy aquatic environment and their burial was less dramatic than mass burials that formed coal beds. Alongside these graceful plants, fish such as Paramblypterus and amphibians such as Sclerocephalus swam below the quiet, calm Permian waters nearby. They lived and went extinct before the very first dinosaurs!