This MUSEUM-CLASS African Acheulean prehistoric stone tool is a massive UNIFACIAL FLAKE SIDE SCRAPER made of quartzite. Since we started selling online in the year 2000, this has been the largest and most impressive African Acheulean side scraper we have ever offered. It would have required two-handed use and was an ideal tool to deflesh the hides of large hunted game animals to process the leather for shelter cover or clothing. This giant flake scraper was made and used by Homo ergaster (African Homo erectus) over a half a million years ago! It was surface-collected from an exposed Acheulean site in the Sahara Desert of Northwest Africa. This Lower Paleolithic tool represents the first intelligent tool design type known to science, that was made by primitive humans. Prior to these Saharan Acheulean tools, only crude pebble tools existed in the human fossil record.
Made on a massive yet, thin flake, the outline of the scraper was further refined with secondary flaking to the edges, to shape its profile. There is a flat proximal side that was flaked to be used as a grip. The broad cutting edge on one side shows extensive secondary retouching to sharpen and resharpen during repeated prehistoric use. Thousands of years of wind erosion has softened these flaked edges, as well as deposited a mesmerizing "desert varnish" to all surfaces of this tool. It exhibits the finest prehistoric workmanship. A bi-colored patina is also seen, caused by this flake scraper laying undisturbed for hundreds of thousands of years on one side.
This Lower Paleolithic giant flake scraper tool was relied upon for basic survival by Homo ergaster in the butchering of prehistoric hunted game animals such as elephant, hippopotamus, and giraffe that lived on the continent in that time. A tool like this was necessary to butcher and process such large kills.
Flake scraper tools from the Acheulean of the Sahara are much more rare then their Saharan Acheulean hand axe counterparts. While hand axes are rather obvious in design and easy to therefore, recognize when collecting on a site, smaller flake tools have less obvious features at first glance and easily blend in with surrounding scrap flakes and natural stones. The vast majority of private collections of Stone Age Africa artifacts lack Acheulean flake tools in comparison to hand axes from the same period. A vital tool for use in butchering the large game that thrived in Northern Africa during the days of Homo ergaster.